Taking a performance-based approach to building procurement: opportunities for owners, designers, and CIPs
2017 | We studied the viability of performance-based procurement (PBP) to achieve higher energy savings, without increasing capital cost to owners, through early owner involvement, goal setting and energy modeling. The study also examined the role that conservation improvement programs (CIPs) could...
Commercial roof-top units in Minnesota: characteristics and energy performance
2017 | RTUs are used in more than one third of U.S. commercial buildings, the highest of any cooling equipment type. Why? They are reliable and have a low capital cost, as well as established service and distribution networks. There is anecdotal evidence, however, that these systems operate...
Statewide commercial behavior segmentation and potential study
2017 | Download the report
Prepared for Minnesota Department of Commerce, Division of Energy Resources. Prepared by Illume Advising, LLC and Seventhwave.
A recently completed CARD research project led by ILLUME Advising addressed the barriers small businesses face in reducing energy...
Manufactured homes study
2016 | The manufactured home market offers an affordable housing option—and sometimes the only option—for many would-be homeowners. Residents of manufactured homes (also known as mobile homes) are more likely to be low-income than residents of other single-family homes, and energy costs may...
Energy efficiency opportunities for homes with high usage: market characterization and customer engagement strategies
2016 | We conducted an in-depth study of 100 high energy consumption homes in Minnesota. The goal was to help conservation program managers better understand the factors contributing to high usage, quantify the energy savings potential associated with common conservation measures, and identify...
Advancing the last frontier: reduction of commercial plug loads
2016 | ACEEE 2016 paper by Scott Hackel, et al.
Impacts of offfice plug load reduction strategies
2016 | Seventhwave, along with the Center for Energy and Environment and LHB, conducted a field research study to demonstrate and measure savings from potential plug load reduction strategies in office buildings. We also characterized the types of devices and baseline usage in those offices, and...
Codes don't always get enforced, but contracts do: changing the procurement paradigm to drive building energy performance
2016 | ACEEE 2016 paper by Adam McMillen, et al.
Considering risk and investor value in energy efficiency business models
2016 | ACEEE 2016 paper by Steve Kihm, et al.
Power down, power off
2016 | This fact sheet was developed as part of a commercial plug load study funded by the Minnesota Department of Commerce, Division of Energy Resources.