Digital publications


Taking a performance-based approach to building procurement: opportunities for owners, designers, and CIPs

2017 | We studied the viability of performance-based procurement (PBP) to achieve higher energy savings, without increasing capital cost to owners, through early owner involvement, goal setting and energy modeling. The study also examined the role that conservation improvement programs (CIPs) could... MORE


Commercial roof-top units in Minnesota: characteristics and energy performance

2017 | RTUs are used in more than one third of U.S. commercial buildings, the highest of any cooling equipment type. Why? They are reliable and have a low capital cost, as well as established service and distribution networks. There is anecdotal evidence, however, that these systems operate... MORE


Statewide commercial behavior segmentation and potential study

2017 | Download the report Prepared for Minnesota Department of Commerce, Division of Energy Resources. Prepared by Illume Advising, LLC and Seventhwave. A recently completed CARD research project led by ILLUME Advising addressed the barriers small businesses face in reducing energy... MORE


Manufactured homes study

2016 | The manufactured home market offers an affordable housing option—and sometimes the only option—for many would-be homeowners. Residents of manufactured homes (also known as mobile homes) are more likely to be low-income than residents of other single-family homes, and energy costs may... MORE


Energy efficiency opportunities for homes with high usage: market characterization and customer engagement strategies

2016 | We conducted an in-depth study of 100 high energy consumption homes in Minnesota. The goal was to help conservation program managers better understand the factors contributing to high usage, quantify the energy savings potential associated with common conservation measures, and identify... MORE


Advancing the last frontier: reduction of commercial plug loads

2016 | ACEEE 2016 paper by Scott Hackel, et al. MORE


Impacts of offfice plug load reduction strategies

2016 | Seventhwave, along with the Center for Energy and Environment and LHB, conducted a field research study to demonstrate and measure savings from potential plug load reduction strategies in office buildings. We also characterized the types of devices and baseline usage in those offices, and... MORE


Codes don't always get enforced, but contracts do: changing the procurement paradigm to drive building energy performance

2016 | ACEEE 2016 paper by Adam McMillen, et al. MORE


Considering risk and investor value in energy efficiency business models

2016 | ACEEE 2016 paper by Steve Kihm, et al. MORE

fact sheet

Power down, power off

2016 | This fact sheet was developed as part of a commercial plug load study funded by the Minnesota Department of Commerce, Division of Energy Resources. MORE